Proper shot placement is critical because an arrow must be placed precisely for a quick, clean kill. The responsible hunter only takes a shot that can strike the vital area of the animal reliably and passes up anything less. Merely wounding an animal is a serious error that can be avoided if the hunter knows the vital area of the game being pursued.
Body Chambers of Big Game Animals
Big game animals like the white-tailed deer, black-tailed deer, elk, bear, moose, and others have anatomical features that are similar. Big game animals have two distinct body cavities: the abdominal cavity and the chest cavity. The two cavities are separated by the diaphragm muscle, the sheet-like muscle that forms the rear of the chest cavity and helps with the breathing process.